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SD. Revista Médica Internacional sobre el Síndrome de Down
The aim of this study was to analyze the motor development of a child population with Down syndrome. This is a longitudinal prospective study of 73 children receiving care in early stimulation centers. We assessed the correlations of several factors (muscle tone, associated disorders, and development quotient), as well as features of early stimulation, with age of acquisition of a number of motor items. Conclusion: results show a significant correlation of motor development with hypotonia, syndrome-linked disorders, and development quotient. No differences were found among different types of early stimulation.
Down syndrome (DS) is associated with a certain proclivity to respiratory tract infections in early years. DS-linked immune deficiency plays a determining role. Mycoplasma pneumoniae is particularly significant etiological agent of childhood pneumonias, causing atypical pneumonias. It commonly affects children older than 5, with mild self-limiting clinical symptoms. However, in children with DS or compromised immune systems, the respiratory manifestations may be prolonged and particularly severe. This is the case of a DS patient with pneumonia due to M. pneumoniae with severe progression.
From a sample of 366 case histories of people with Down syndrome (DS) who are seeing psychologists, we analyze the commonest concerns and causes of seeking help, as well as the ages of highest demand. Following a brief analysis of both psychopathological and healthy aspects, we stress the importance of correct psychodiagnosis to preclude attributing to DS certain personality and behavioral disorders that are not necessarily inherent to this syndrome. We also point out that certain organic conditions or diseases may give rise to behavioral or personality disturbances that are not of psychological origin.